Computer science careers in India
| Dr. Ihtiram Raza Khan - 16 Jul 2022

As computer technology becomes more prevalent in business spheres worldwide, there has been a corresponding growth in computer science job opportunities. Those looking for a career in this field must have a broad knowledge of their specialisation and keep up with the latest technology trends and programming languages. Learning more about this field may help you discover which job is the best option for you. With the world becoming more and more digital, the scope for Computer Science is on a rise. According to NASSCOM, Indian IT exports are expected to expand to the tune of US$ 475 billion by 2025. The domestic sector will account for US$ 100 billion. So, it’s a no-brainer that B.Tech/B.E. Computer Science is one of the most highly sought-after engineering branches after class 12.

Computer science is the study of processes that interact with data and that can be represented as data in the form of programs. It enables the use of algorithms to manipulate, store, and communicate digital information. A computer scientist studies theory of computation and the practice of designing software systems. Computer scientists provide the brainpower for an endless number of tech companies throughout the world. Technology that we use in our everyday lives stems from the innovative ideas of cutting-edge professionals.

If you have always liked to solve problems or decipher codes, perhaps you have a knack for learning new languages, or maybe you were intrigued enough about your computer to rip off the cover and tinker with the inner workings, then computer science might be an ideal career choice for you.

India prides itself on having one of the largest technical manpower in the world. The students from India’s top science and technology educational institutions are highly sought after by tech giants in the US and Europe.  India has become the digital capabilities hub of the world with around 75% of global digital talent present in the country. It is the topmost offshoring destination for IT companies across the world.

Having proven its capabilities in delivering both on-shore and off-shore services to global clients, emerging technologies now offer an entire new gamut of opportunities for top IT firms in India. Export revenue of the industry is expected to grow 7 – 9% year-on-year to US$ 135-137 billion in FY19. The industry is expected to grow to US$ 350 billion by 2025.

India has shown the potential for high-caliber computer-science research. Note the following facts:

  • India’s pool of technical manpower is one of the largest in the world,
  • The growth rate of India’s software industry has been tremendous in the recent past, and
  • The demand in the West for students from India’s top science and technology educational institutions has been very strong.

With such a technical and forward-thinking profession, holding a bachelor's degree in Computer Science, Information Technology, or Computer and Software Engineering is key to success in the field and keeping up with the competition. On top of that, a Masters's Degree is important for aspiring computer science jobs in management roles. Your education underlines your mastery of detail, intellectual training, and ability to problem solve. On the other hand, completing a Computer Science job abroad will illustrate your ability to apply your education in the field, adapt to a new environment, culture, and technologies, and your dedication to the field on an international level.

Today, India stands among the top 3 contributors to the APeJ region’s software market share; accounting for 12.6% of the overall market. Also, the country is estimated to achieve a CAGR of 14.4% between 2017 and 2022- this is the highest growth rate anticipated amongst the APeJ countries for the above-mentioned period.

The booming IT sector in India has plenty of jobs for fresh Computer Science graduates. Candidates from top-notch engineering colleges, however, get attractive job offers from MNC IT companies in comparison to not so known engineering colleges. Additionally, candidates with a higher percentage of marks and good communication skills as well as sound computer knowledge do not face problems in getting a job whether they are from a reputed engineering college or not. Computer Engineers can get jobs in non-IT companies like universities, research, private and public industries, government departments, business organizations, commercial organizations, the manufacturing sector, etc.

Computer Science graduates have plenty of options to work in IT companies in the department such as design, development, assembly, manufacture, maintenance, etc. Like any industry, the IT industry also offers a varied range of roles and positions to professionals:

  • Software Developers
  • Programmers
  • Web developers
  • Hardware Engineers
  • System Designers
  • System Analysts
  • Networking Engineers
  • Database Administrators

Top Computer Science Colleges in India

The US and Europe have very high regard for graduate students trained at the IITs and in IISC. The reasons are easy to find. Admission to the bachelor’s program (called B.Tech/M.Tech) at the IITs is through a fiercely competitive entrance examination called the Joint Entrance Examination (JEE). It is written by over 100,000 students every year, with less than 1500 selected, based purely on their ranking in the JEE. The curriculum at the IITs is on par with top institutions in developed countries. A laudable feature of the B.Tech program is that during the final year, students are required to do a project, which in many instances is quite ambitious with students going on to publish their work in conferences and journals.

Few of the good institutes/colleges offering CS Degree courses in India are –

  • Indian Institutes of Technology (IIT) – Madras, Delhi, Kharagpur, Roorkee, Guwahati, Bombay, Hyderabad, Bhubaneshwar
  • Anna University
  • National Institutes of Technology (NIT) – Tiruchirappalli, Rourkela, Warangal, Calicut, Ropar, Durgapur
  • Aligarh Muslim University
  • Indian Institute of Technology (Indian School of Mines) Dhanbad
  • VIT (Vellore)
  • International Institute of Information Technology Hyderabad
  • Delhi Technological University
  • Jamia Millia Islamia
  • Jamia Hamdard
  • Amity University
  • SRM Institute of Science and Technology
  • Pune College of Engineering
  • Sharda University
  • Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology
  • Indraprastha Institute of Information Technology


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