Problems in modern education and ways to solve them
| Maia Japoshvili Ghvinashvili - 15 Feb 2023

An educated society is the strength of any country because human resources are the main determinant of the country’s development. Education is a multifaceted topic that has no alternative. It is essential in the process of human socialization. The main way of getting an education is through educational institutions. School gives a child the skills that no other social institution can provide because a child’s place in society has already been determined from the school desk. “Education is the key to unlocking the golden door of freedom” (George Washington Carver). Therefore, it must be accessible to everyone, regardless of social status. Based on the example of my country, everyone, in Georgia has the right to receive an education. Even more, primary (includes 6 years) and basic (includes 3 years) education are compulsory. Georgia also provides education for students with special needs.

   Nowadays, public schools face different challenges. I will speak about some of the existing problems and my visions of their solutions.

Overcrowded classrooms

   Overcrowded classrooms are caused by population growth, especially in big cities. This problem is in my country, too. The number of pupils exceeds 30-35, sometimes even more. This causes serious problems in the teaching process. In many cases, it is not easy for teachers to manage classes of this number of students, because disciplinary violations and academic backwardness are frequent. This kind of problem does not exist in private schools in Georgia, but when we talk about access to education for everyone, this problem must be arranged. The construction of new schools is a long process and I only see the solution in the proper planning of the lesson.


  • The teacher should create an interesting program for the students. Each of the students should be busy during the lesson. In the technology era, education integrates modern technology. This method has facilitated and created new teaching and learning possibilities. It allows the teacher to include all students in the lesson process and if necessary to work individually with those students who need it.
  • The teacher should work out the rules of behavior in the classroom together with the students. The environment must be friendly.
  • Students with exemplary behavior should be praised in front of the class. In case of a remark, the teacher should talk to the student individually.

In my opinion, these methods will significantly improve the teaching and disciplinary process.

The impact of poverty on education

   Social well-being affects the full development of children. Poverty affects a child’s emotional and physical development. Poor children not only have problems with education but also with health because they do not have adequate nutrition. A child, living in poverty has a harder time getting an education and socializing because constant stress interferes with brain development. Stress experienced by a child in childhood can follow him for the rest of his life. It will certainly hurt his/her future. What should be done?

  • Even in this case, the teacher’s role is extremely important. They should teach the child how to set goals and strive to achieve them, instill hope for the future, relieve stress, and often praise him/her. All this will help a child increase his sense of self-esteem.
  • The media should spend more time discussing this issue and informing society. This will be followed by feedback and support from the community.
  • As many charitable organizations as possible should be established to take care of poor children’s welfare and quality education.
  • Workplaces must be created where poor children’s parents will be employed and they will no longer have to choose whether to send their children to school or make them work.
  • Less interest in the book

   The development of modern technologies has caused less interest in reading not only among children but also among adults. Computer technology has made everyone’s life easier. It is simpler for students to search for any facts or information than it was during their parents’ time. Teenagers and even primary school children do not like reading, because reading books requires effort and a child always tries to find an easy way to get information. Without reading the level of general education will not be raised, which is a constituent part of quality education because reading helps a person to develop critical thinking. This issue can be resolved jointly in families and educational institutions.

Advice to parents:

  • The child should get used to the relationship with the book as early as possible. Don’t let the computer enter his/her life before the book.
  • A parent ought to choose a beautifully illustrated book for a child at a young age. At home, readers should always be placed in an accessible place for a child so that he can use them if he is interested. This will form a child’s interest in books.

Recommendations for schools:

  • The teacher should constantly instruct the pupils to read a short story or a literary work and then present it as a presentation. This will help them develop their reading skills, improve their speech, express emotions, and accurately convey information.
  • Libraries should be modernized so that students will have the opportunity to find the desired literature.

   I believe these steps will spark students’ interest in the books because even a small encouraging action can positively affect a child. I had such a case in my practice, I gave each of my pupils adopted reading literature as a gift. After several days all of them gave books to each other.

   Nowadays, we are all worried about the problems in contemporary education. We know that taking care of the future means taking care of quality education. Whatever progress mankind has made is because of knowledge. So we must contribute in our ways to provide quality education. ‘Education breeds confidence. Confidence breeds hope. Hope breeds peace’ – Confucius.

    Shortly, the fate of the future lies in education.

I am an English teacher/tutor. I started my career as a teacher when I was still a university student. As soon as I interacted with the pupils, I realized this was my real profession. Since then I have been teaching students and together we have achieved a lot of success. My students always enroll in universities with the highest grades and have a state grant.

   My goal as an English teacher is to convince young people how important it is to know English in today’s reality. This is a prerequisite for their successful steps. I am aware of my responsibility to the next generation.

I always look for something new to share with my students and help them correctly define their duties and responsibilities.

   My goal is to contribute to quality education.

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