Stress, Anxiety & Depression
| Dr. Sc. Dragan Jovanov - 16 Nov 2021

With severe depression, you may experience four or more of the following symptoms:
Prolonged sadness, pessimism
 Feeling guilty
Helplessness and hopelessness
 I Loss of interest in normal activities, including sex drive, or inability to find pleasure in them
Difficulty concentrating
Insomnia or excessive sleep
Obesity or weight loss
Fatigue, lack of energy
Anxiety, anxiety, irritability
 Thinking about suicide or death
 Fun speech, slow movements
In children and adolescents:
Insomnia, fatigue, headache, stomach pain, dizziness
 Indulgence, retreat into loneliness, weakening
 Drug or alcohol abuse
Reducing school success
Difficulty concentrating
Loneliness from friends and family
     Anxiety in school children
Fear of separation from family
Refusal to go to school
Fear of strangers
Unnecessary concern
 Almost all of us feel anxious from time to time. When there is a threat, ailment, or anxiety, it is a natural phenomenon closely related to the way the body prepares to face the danger: adrenaline and cortisone are released into the bloodstream, the heart beats faster, breathing becomes shallower and faster, muscles become tense, the liver releases sugar, and the psyche is quite awake and ready.
  Many different anxiety disorders are recognized. These include phobias, panic attacks, obsessive-compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder.
 Some forms of anxiety are very difficult to treat, others respond well to psychotherapy drugs and alternative therapies. Self-medication with alcohol or stimulants to relieve symptoms does not work. Many people make mistakes when choosing that path, but in the end, they will only make matters worse.
 Anxiety can be the result of recognizable stress such as an accident, death in the family, or job loss, in which case adjusting to the situation over time will work. In other cases, stress is an invisible-preserved memory of an accident or frightening childhood event that lurks beneath the surface of consciousness and reveals its existence to anxiety. In dysthymia (mild but chronic depression) the symptoms will be more pronounced, there will be less, but they will last longer.
 If you or your child is having thoughts of suicide or other signs of severe depression or dysthymia, your doctor can help (psychologist or psychiatrist). Note: There is a clear difference between depression (ie currently depressed mood or depression) and the problem of depression. If you feel depressed for a while, do not worry. But if you feel that you can not overcome your despair, ask for help.
 Almost all of you sometimes feel repressed, usually because of some disturbing event in your life. Prolonged depression, such as major depression, is a different matter. Depression in some form affects 25 percent of all women, 10 percent of men, and 5 percent of adolescents worldwide. This is the most common psychological problem, which in the United States, for example, affects about 17.6 million people each year. Depressive reaction (mild or often temporary depression) involves normal feelings of depression or persistence that occur as a result of specific life conditions. The symptoms can be severe, but treatment is usually not needed and they subside over time, after two weeks to 6 months. Dysthymia (mild, chronic depression) similar to the depressive reaction according to its symptoms and the degree of suffering, lasts longer - at least two years.
 Severe depression, or depressive illness, is a serious disorder that can lead to the inability to act or even suicide. Patients not only go through a period of depression and bad mood, but also show more severe symptoms, including lost interest in normal activities, extreme fatigue, difficulty sleeping, or feelings of guilt and helplessness. They are more likely to lose touch with reality, sometimes receiving hallucinations. Severe depression usually occurs spontaneously, seems to be caused by nothing, and often disappears on its own, usually in 6 to 12 months.
  Due to its debilitating effect or the possibility of suicide, severe depression should be treated. Depression can occur at any age, including childhood. The period of life in which the disease often occurs is the early middle years, and depression is very common among older people, as a reaction to the facts related to aging, the death of a spouse or friend, age-related physical limitations, and facing death. Older windows are prone to suicide.
 Depression is a health problem that seems to have different causes. A depressive reaction or normal depression occurs as a consequence of a certain event. Depressed moods can be accompanied by the onset of certain medications, hormonal changes (eg, menstruation or postpartum), or physical illnesses, such as the flu or a viral infection. Although the true causes of major depression and dysthymia are not known, researchers now believe that both forms are due to impaired neurotransmitters or neurotransmitters in the brain, especially the mood-boosting serotonin. This disorder appears to have a strong genetic component: in one study, 27 percent of children with depression had close relatives who had similar health problems with mood disorders. Studies have shown that 74 percent of people who seek help for depression go to a primary care physician, and 50 percent of those cases are misdiagnosed. Older people are at greater risk of being diagnosed with depression or misdiagnosed.
 For these reasons, it is necessary to consult a psychiatrist or psychologist for diagnosis and further treatment.
 Many alternative and conventional treatments are available in case of depression. Treatments can vary depending on the cause of the depression and its severity. Many alternative treatments are effective, especially for milder forms of depression. More severe forms of depression are considered as additional treatments. For severe or chronic depression it is necessary to treat a psychiatrist. In addition to the mentioned treatments, you could consider acupressure or acupuncture that can help soothe some symptoms. A massage that soothes and energizes and boosts the body’s recovery can also help. Do it once a week if you can.
  Aromatherapy can relieve mental fatigue and help with sleep. The essential oils that can help with depression are basil, sage, jasmine, rose, and chamomile.
               Physical exercises
   Exercise is essential to any treatment for depression, it improves blood flow to the brain, improves mood, and relieves stress. Studies show that 30 minutes of running 3 times a week can be as effective as treating depression as well as psychotherapy.
 Combined with medicinal plants against depression
 Pour 2 tablespoons of St. John’s wort, 1 tablespoon of oats, 1 tablespoon of lavender, and 1 tablespoon of wormwood with 300 ml of boiling water and leave for 20 minutes. Strain and drink in the morning and the evening half an hour before a meal.
 Proper nutrition is very important in depression. Increase your intake of healthy foods, such as whole grains, lean meats, fruits and vegetables, and low-fat fish and dairy products. Alcohol is strictly forbidden. In that period, give up ready meals, sugar, caffeine, which cause a sudden increase in energy or a feeling of euphoria, and then there is a completely different effect.
    Through scientific research, it is indicated that in that difficult period, B vitamins, folic acid, selenium should be taken. Tryptophan, which can be found in certain foods (turkey, chicken, fish, cooked beans, peas, brewer’s yeast, walnuts, and soy), is good. You should consume carbohydrate foods (potatoes, pasta, rice, etc.) that facilitate the entry of tryptophan into the brain.
 Some forms of depression can be prevented, and a newer theory suggests that they may be caused by a neurochemical disorder in the brain. There is compelling evidence that depression can often be alleviated or prevented by healthy living habits. Proper diet, exercise, rest, avoiding overtime, and spending time on things you enjoy doing reduce the chances of depression.
 Depression is not a sign of emotional weakness. It is a health problem with physiological and psychological causes. Most cases of depression go undiagnosed and often untreated because people only complain of some symptoms, so primary care physicians do not consider the possibility of depression as a cause. If you have been suffering from symptoms described as symptoms of depression for a long time, do not hesitate to seek the help of a psychiatrist or psychologist, who can diagnose your health problem correctly, and treat you properly.
             Herbal plants
  Medicinal plants that should be consumed when children are in a state of anxiety and depression are Melisa officinalis L, Mentha piperita L, Valeriana officinalis L, Matricaria chamomilla L, Hypericum perforatum L, Lavandula officinalis L, Humulus lupulus, medicinal plants that are consumed and in the evening half an hour before a meal in very small quantities.


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