Learn through Error: An Educational Strategy
| María Esperanza López Domínguez - 01 Nov 2021

We consider that error is a source of learning that we must objectively assess, and analyze the causes that lead us to make mistakes as well as the consequences that mean learning for us, so this proposal aims to support children to identify their emotions and feelings, as well as to manage mistakes and, on the other hand, to guide educational actors, family, and school in the education and training of our childhood.
 Said strategy is made up of several themes, the activities of which are described below and are proposed to work together in family and school contexts. It is recommended to give space to discuss these issues as well as take advantage of the circumstances that arise on a day-to-day basis.
   In the first place, we will address the topic of “Losing the fear of being wrong”
 Considering that not making mistakes is impossible, we must try to see in them an opportunity to which if we add effort we obtain learning as a result, since throughout our lives we will always make mistakes that will become great experiences of various learnings until we achieve our goal.
  In the learning curve proposed by Nottingham (2019) we can observe the change in attitude we experience when faced with what a challenge means to us, assuming that we do not understand  what is happening, we believe that we are wrong because the activity is very difficult and we cannot do it, However, after reflection, we identify our error and get back on track, correcting our procedure in carrying out the activity; We discover that we can ask for support in the context in which we find ourselves, we understand and solve the problem and we assume an attitude to avoid giving up.
The second part of the strategy is titled
How do we tolerate frustration? in which we share the following suggestions with children for managing frustration
*Strive to solve problems, question ourselves about the situation we are experiencing, and be creative in solutions.
* Try to have a positive attitude in the face of the circumstances that arise every day.
*Be constant and persevering in the practice of activities that lead us to the achievement of objectives.
*Avoid tantrums and hurt yourself or someone else.
*Set goals and reflect on how we can achieve them
* Relax through the practice of various activities such as breathing techniques, mindfulness, approaches to the arts such as painting, sculpture, dance, exercising, sports, etc.
* Asking for help in the family or school context, knowing that we always have someone who can guide us.
* Reflect on what we are feeling and how we can manage it.
* Feel happy to value our life itself and those we have in it.
The next topic is How do we overcome challenges?
  We began by raising through various questions what our girls and boys want to achieve and how they are going to achieve it, what they should do first, what would be the follow-up plan, etc.
  Self-motivation is very important in each step, feeling the conviction of having the ability to achieve goals, the certainty of overcoming challenges, self-confidence, identifying strengths and talents, seeing each challenge as a learning opportunity, and being aware that we are all different therefore we all overcome challenges differently.
Finally, some recommendations for families and the school:
* We must set an example of a positive attitude, to educate and train with congruence between what we think, do and say.
*  Educate in the culture of effort, teach our children to strive to solve failure, avoid giving them everything already done.
* Avoid giving in to tantrums.
* Support them in terms of their goals that are realistic.
* Turn frustration into learning, give feedback.
* Teach him to be persistent.
* Be a benchmark on the subject of tolerance to frustration
* Value his effort and praise him every time he makes progress in his goals.
*  Play to interpret frustrating situations.
* Analyze with them the situations in terms of their advantages and disadvantages to make decisions.
lEncourage them to feel brave to practice and gain experience and security.
  The family and school team must make an effort to overcome difficulties and assume their commitment to work together to respond to the educational needs that arise in the different stages throughout life; in the training and education of strong, autonomous, and independent citizens of the world who respond to the needs of the circumstances in which they live, who assume their responsibility with integrity in decision-making and act with well-defined criteria in the achievement of their project of life.


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